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Mauger, Joshua (1725-1788) Archive of correspondence re: Nova Scotia politics and mercantile affairs [partially decimalized]

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Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC03902 Author/Creator: Mauger, Joshua (1725-1788) Place Written: [various places] Type: Header Record Date: 1758-1788 Pagination: 343 items.

Summary of Content: Also mentions the Stamp Act, Bunker Hill and early Revolutionary War. Joshua Mauger Collection. [various places]: 343 items, 1619-1789 (bulk: 1763-1785). The greater part of the collection consists of 249 letters to Mauger, dealing primarily with his business interests in Nova Scotia and England. It also includes 4 letterbooks, letter copies written by Mauger while living in Halifax and England, and financial papers such as accounts, bonds and indentures owed to Mauger. Joshua Mauger (1725-1788) was a merchant who built his fortune through trade and alcohol distilling in British Nova Scotia. Mauger used his financial success to influence the politics of Nova Scotia. In 1760, Mauger returned to England but continued to take an active and effective interest in Nova Scotia politics. In 1762, the Nova Scotia House of Assembly chose Mauger to act as their agent in London. He used his influence to help Michael Francklin become the Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia in March of 1766. Mauger also served as member of the House of Commons for Poole, England (1768-1780). Mauger's correspondence details his far-flung business transactions in Nova Scotia, England, Spain, France, Amsterdam, various American colonies, Quebec, and the Caribbean. His correspondents also discuss political events in England, the Stamp Act and the American Revolution. Upon his return to England, Mauger suffered severe, frequent illnesses as a result of the harsh English weather. Highlights include: Brooks Watson's letters from Montreal in 1776 (#19), describing a naval engagement on Lake Champlain and victory of General Howe on Long Island; from 1782-1783, serving as the Commissary General to the British army under Sir Guy Carleton (# 29-33), he describes the plight of loyalist refugees leaving for Nova Scotia. John Butler, Mauger's agent in Nova Scotia, urges Mauger to seek the advice of Benjamin Franklin concerning the introduction of paper currency in Nova Scotia (#63), and other letters (#65-67) describe events in the American Revolution and detail concern over the fate of Nova Scotia in the war. Mauger's son-in-law James D'Auvergne writes on politics and the Revolution. Item-level inventory available. .250-.253 in bound manuscript flat box (Range 3A, shelf 28).

Background Information: & 3

People: Mauger, Joshua, 1725-1788

Historical Era: American Revolution, 1763-1783

Subjects: Merchants and TradeCommerceFinanceCanadaGlobal History and US Foreign PolicyGlobal History and US Foreign PolicyPoliticsStamp ActRevolutionary WarMilitary HistoryLetterbookCaribbeanHealth and MedicalBattleNavyRevolutionary War GeneralMilitary ProvisionsLoyalistRefugeesCoins and Currency

Sub Era: Road to Revolution

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