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Henry, Patrick (1736-1799) [Document appointing justices of the peace for slave trials in Augusta County, Virginia]

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Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC00464 Author/Creator: Henry, Patrick (1736-1799) Place Written: Richmond, Virginia Type: Document signed Date: 28 April 1785 Pagination: 1 p. : docket ; 34 x 21 cm.

Summary of Content: Partially printed document signed by Henry as Governor of Virginia. Appoints fourteen men as justice of the peace in Augusta County, Virginia. They are given the duty of "Oyer and Terminer for the trial of Slaves in the said County ... for the purpose of trying, condemning and executing, or otherwise punishing or acquitting, any slave committing a capital crime within the said County." Wax seal at bottom or recto, next to Henry's signature.

Background Information: Oyer and terminer was the name of a court authorized to hear and determine all treasons, felonies and misdemeanors; and, generally, invested with other power in relation to the punishment ...of offenders (translated as "to hear and determine") (American Heritage Dictionary).

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People: Henry, Patrick, 1736-1799

Historical Era: The New Nation, 1783-1815

Subjects: African American HistorySlaveryGovernment and CivicsLawCriminals and OutlawsDeath Penalty

Sub Era: Creating a New Government

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