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Kurz & Allison Battle of Wilson's Creek

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Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC00316.01 Author/Creator: Kurz & Allison Place Written: Chicago, Illinois Type: Print Date: 1893 Pagination: 1 lithograph: col. ; 53 x 71.5 cm.

Summary of Content: Published by Kurz & Allison at 76 & 78 Wabash Avenue in Chicago. Pristine colored image, dominated by the greens of the trees and grass, shows Union infantry of the 1st Iowa regiment emerging from the woods to attack a Confederate line in the background. Depicts the moment of General Nathaniel Lyon's death. He is shown lurching backward from his white horse after being struck by a musket ball. A bugler blows his horn and officers urge their men forward despite the blow to the general. Smoke is shown throughout, but blood is absent, despite several wounded troops in the foreground. Matte burn around the entire image.

Background Information: Brigadier General Nathaniel Lyon’s Army of the West was camped at Springfield, Missouri, with Confederate troops under the commands of Brigadier General Ben McCulloch approaching. On August 9, both sides ...formulated plans to attack the other. About 5:00 am on the 10th, Lyon, in two columns commanded by himself and Colonel Franz Sigel, attacked the Confederates on Wilson’s Creek about 12 miles southwest of Springfield. Rebel cavalry received the first blow and fell back away from Bloody Hill. Confederate forces soon rushed up and stabilized their positions. The Confederates attacked the Union forces three times that day but failed to break through the Union line. Lyon was killed during the battle and Maj. Samuel D. Sturgis replaced him. Meanwhile, the Confederates had routed Sigel’s column, south of Skegg’s Branch. Following the third Confederate attack, which ended at 11:00 am, the Confederates withdrew. Sturgis realized, however, that his men were exhausted and his ammunition was low, so he ordered a retreat to Springfield. The Confederates were too disorganized and ill-equipped to pursue. This Confederate victory buoyed southern sympathizers in Missouri and served as a springboard for a bold thrust north that carried Price and his Missouri State Guard as far as Lexington. In late October, a rump convention, convened by Governor Claiborne Fox Jackson, met in Neosho and passed an ordinance of secession. Wilson’s Creek, the most significant 1861 battle in Missouri, gave the Confederates control of southwestern Missouri. Though the state technically never left Union control, secessionist feelings remained strong in many areas.
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People: Kurz & Allison

Historical Era: Rise of Industrial America, 1877-1900

Subjects: BattleArt, Music, Theater, and FilmMilitary HistoryCivil WarUnion ForcesUnion GeneralConfederate States of AmericaDeath

Sub Era:

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