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United States. Congress (38th, 1st session : 1864) [Senate report no. 65 regarding the Fort Pillow massacre and no. 67 regarding returned prisoners of war]

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Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC00267.230 Author/Creator: United States. Congress (38th, 1st session : 1864) Place Written: Washington, D.C. Type: Book Date: 5 May 1864 Pagination: 1 v. : 170 p. : ill. ; 23 x 15 cm.

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Summary of Content: Contains a full report of the April 1864 battle at Fort Pillow, Tennessee, based on an investigation of the battle itself, as well as the operations of Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest "and his command immediately preceding and subsequent to that horrible transaction." Includes testimony from soldiers present at the battle, who witnessed Bedford's violations of the conduct of war, including shooting unarmed Union troops following their surrender. Contains the testimony of Lieutenant Mack J. Leaming, who wrote a detailed account of the events of Fort Pillow in 1893 (refer to GLC05080.01). Includes separate report no. 68, with testimony from returned Union soldiers who were taken as prisoners of war, complete with eight woodcuts of emaciated returned prisoners. Returned prisoners attest that their captors intentionally starved them at various times and stole their clothing, causing many to freeze to death. The House reports of Fort Pillow and prisoners of war are included in GLC05080.06.

Background Information: It is estimated that 560 Union troops fought 1,500-2,000 Confederate soldiers in the Battle of Fort Pillow, Tennessee. Most of the Union soldiers killed at Fort Pillow, both during and after ...the battle, were African American. Much controversy exists regarding the historical events of Battle of Fort Pillow.See More

People: Forrest, Nathan Bedford, 1821-1877
Leaming, Mack J., 1842-1893

Historical Era: Civil War and Reconstruction, 1861-1877

Subjects: Fort Pillow MassacreFortificationBattleAtrocityPrisoner of WarUnion ForcesConfederate States of AmericaCivil WarMilitary HistoryAfrican American HistoryAfrican American TroopsCongressConfederate General or Leader

Sub Era: The American Civil War

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