Our Collection

At the Institute’s core is the Gilder Lehrman Collection, one of the great archives in American history. More than 70,000 items cover five hundred years of American history, from Columbus’s 1493 letter describing the New World to soldiers’ letters from World War II and Vietnam. Explore primary sources, visit exhibitions in person or online, or bring your class on a field trip.

Madison, James (1751-1836) [Pardon of Caleb Overton for selling "spiritous liquors" without a license].

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Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC00045.02 Author/Creator: Madison, James (1751-1836) Place Written: Washington, D.C. Type: Document signed Date: 05 June 1812 Pagination: 1 p. ; 40 x 25 cm

Summary of Content: Countersigned Secretary of State James Monroe. Sentenced to pay a fine of tobacco and court costs. Pardoned since the crime was unintentional and he was of good character.

Background Information: Signer of the U.S. Constitution.

People: Overton, Caleb
Madison, James, 1751-1836
Monroe, James, 1758-1831

Historical Era: The New Nation, 1783-1815

Subjects: PresidentPardonLawAlcoholMerchants and Trade

Sub Era: The Age of Jefferson & Madison

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